Fungi, Lichens

Characteristics :

  • Most have cells with walls, similar to plant cells
  • Do not have chlorophyll and cannot make their own food as plants do
  • Cannot ingest food like animals do, therefore they must absorb it across their cell walls and membranes
  • Most are many-celled (multicellular) with body consisting of tangled mass of tiny filaments called hyphae' yeast is one-celled (unicellular) and has no hyphae
  • Most reproduce both asexually (single-celled spore) and sexually (union of two different mating types) during the life cycle
  • Do no move about; spores and broken hyphae are means of dispersal
  • Have no roots, stems, leaves, flowers, or seeds
  • Lichens are a combination of fungus and algae in which both are dependent upon the other; the algae provides the food and the fungus provides the water and minerals 
Taxanomy:
  • Kingdom: Fungi
    • ​​Phylum: Ascomycota (sac fungi, such as morels, truffles, yeasts),
      Basidiomycota (club fungi, such as mushrooms, puffballs, rusts)
      Deuteromycota (imperfect fungi, such as ring-worm, athlete's foot)
      Mycophycophyta (lichens)
      Oomycota (prototistlike fungi, such as mildew, potato blight, water mold)
      Zygomycota (commol molds, such as black bread mold)